This wonderful cranberry, also known as atoca, is a small red berry largely produced in Quebec. The use of cranberry is quite varied; in the form of pure juice, mixed juice, dried fruit, as well as a food supplement (capsules, tablets, sachets, etc.). But why did we choose it?
Proanthocyanidins (PACs) in cranberries are polyphenols found in a wide variety of plants and fruits. These are actually molecules that have several functions such as giving a bright color, a particular taste or smell, protecting against bacteria and fungi, attracting bees, camouflaging themselves or protecting themselves from the UV rays of the sun. Thus, some of these functions may have benefits for human and animal health when the plant or fruit is consumed.
Cranberries have a lot of benefits on the general health of living things. Among other things, it has an antioxidant effect which helps prevent oxidative stress that can be responsible for several cancers. This small red fruit prevents cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, neurological disorders, and viral infections. Cranberry proanthocyanidins (PACs) are also known for their antibacterial properties. Indeed, they act by preventing bacteria from clinging to surfaces and decreasing the expression of certain bacterial genes. In addition, cranberries have good nutritional properties.
On oral health
Several scientific studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of cranberry for oral health. Its anti-adhesive properties prevent bacteria from clinging to the teeth or gums. Thus, this prevents the formation of plaque that causes a lot of problems. It protects the gum by preventing its invasion and destruction by bad bacteria. In addition, proanthocyanidins (PACs) of cranberry modulate inflammation by lowering it to counteract damage and reduce gum pain. They prevent several mechanisms of attack of bad bacteria by decreasing the expression of their gene and interfering in their mode of action.
It is for many of these reasons that the use of purified cranberry extract in PACs can be a weapon of choice against periodontal disease. Its use in the form of toothpaste or toothpaste allows having a local and direct effect.
Lev-Yadun LS and Gould K. Role of Anthocyanins in Plant Defence. In K. Gould, K. Davies & C. Winefield (eds.), Anthocyanins. Biosynthesis, functions, and applications, Springer, 2009, p.21-48
Baranowska M, Bartoszek A. Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of bioactive phytochemicals from cranberry. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2016 Dec 31;70(0):1460-1468.
Feghali K, Feldman M, La VD, Santos J, Grenier D. Cranberry proanthocyanidins: natural weapons against periodontal diseases. J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Jun 13;60(23):5728-35.
Mukherjee M, Bandyopadhyay P, Kundu D. Exploring the role of cranberry polyphenols in periodontits: A brief review. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2014 Mar;18(2):136-9.